During a debate that could stretch into the night, the House is scheduled to vote on a billthat would increase the gas tax from 23.5 cents a gallon to 26.5 cents a gallon. It would be the first increase in the gas tax since 1991.
The bill also includes a measure to increase the cigarette tax by $1 to $3.51 a pack.
Smokers also soon face an increase in the federal excise tax of $1.01 a pack.
The state increases in the gas and cigarette taxes would take effect on July 1.
The bill on Beacon Hill also calls for tax increases on certain software services, utilities and multi-state corporations.
Patrick has said he will veto the tax bill because it does not raise enough money to benefit regions outside the Boston area. Patrick said the bill basically only generates enough revenues to close an operating deficit at the MBTA.
If the bill is approved in the House, it would move to the Senate.